Conditional Sentences’ adalah kalimat pengandaian, yaitu:
A. REAL CONDITIONAL SENTENCES/CONDITIONAL TYPE ONE
FORM: (IF + THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE + THE FUTURE TENSE)
Real conditional sentences adalah kalimat yang akan terjadi atau tidak akan terjadi (mungkin terjadi) tergantung pada suatu kondisi atau keadaan
Conditional sentences which may or may not happen (kalimat ‘conditional’ yang mungkin terjadi dan mungkin juga tidak terjadi)
• If it rains, I will not go
(We do not know yet wheter it will rain, may be it will rain. Maybe it won’t)
• If you insist, he will let you have it
(we do not know yet wheter you will insist. Maybe you will insist. Maybe you won’t)
• If she loves you, she will be happy for you.
(we do not know yet wheter she will love you. Maybe she will love you. Maybe she won’t).
“Kalimat utama di atas akan terjadi jika kondisi dalam If-clause terpenuhi. Kalau kondisi pada If-clause tidak terpenuhi, maka main clause-nya tidak akan terjadi.
B. UNREAL CONDITIONAL SENTENCES IN THE PRESENT/CONDITIONAL TYPE TWO
FORM: (IF + THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE + THE PAST FUTURE TENSE)
‘Unreal Conditional Sentences in the present’ adalah kalimat yang tidak sesuai dengan kenyataan yang ada sekarang di hadapan kita.
Conditional sentences which is contrary to the fact at present (kalimat ‘conditional’ yang bertolak belakang dengan kenyataan saat ini)
• If I were in town, I would go.
(I am not in town)
• If I took the plane, I would get there fast.
(I don’t take the plane)
• If I knew, I would tell you.
(I don’t know)
C. UNREAL CONDITIONAL SENTENCES IN THE PAST
FORM: (IF + THE PAST PERFECT TENSE, + THE PAST FUTURE PERFECT TENSE)
‘Unreal conditional sentence in the past’ adalah kalimat yang tidak sesuai dengan kenyataan yang terjadi di masa lampau.
• If I had know it, I would have told you.
(I didn’t know it, or I haven’t known it.)
• If you had told me, I would have defended you.
(You didn’t tell me, or you haven’t told me.)
• If she hadn’t come late, She would have defended you.
(She came late, or she has come late.)
• Lengkapilah kalimat Conditional di bawah ini dengan kata kerja yang tepat.
1. I would have told you if I (know) it.
2. If I (be) home, I will talk to you.
3. If I (be) you, I would forgive him.
4. If it (not, be) hot, I will drink it.
5. We (not, be) friends if it hadn’t met you.
• Buat lah kalimat Conditional berdasarkan informasi di bawah ini. Mulailah kalimatnya dengan IF.
1. I am not rich. _____________________________
2. I don’t have a car. __________________________
3. I didn’t report it to the police. ________________
4. My friends are waiting for me. ________________
5. I didn’t know that she had been home. _________
• Modify the words in the brackets below using conditional so your sentences will have conditional meanings.
1. Manager: I’m going to hire a driver who can drive a Volvo. But I don’t have much time to seek.
Employee: I know someone you want. (meet/tell) him to come to you.
2. Customer: is there a discount for this wardrobe?
Shopkeeper: Sorry, sir, not this month. (have discount program/call you soon. Now we need your phone number.
3. You are not the President of this country. You want to raise the tax of imported cars.
4. You do not have a lof money. You want to buy a licence of MC. Donald.
5. The buyer from the United States is still upset about the last shipment. He does not want to Buy furniture from us anymore.